Esophageal Motility Disorders

Chapter: Esophageal Motility Disorders
McMaster Section Editor(s): John K. Marshall, Paul Moayyedi
Section Editor(s) in Interna Szczeklika: Witold Bartnik†, Małgorzata Szczepanek
McMaster Author(s): Jihong Chen
Author(s) in Interna Szczeklika: Renata Talar-Wojnarowska, Ewa Małecka-Panas
† Deceased.
Additional Information


Classification of esophageal motility disorders:

1) Primary: Achalasia; major disorders of esophageal peristalsis including distal esophageal spasm (formerly diffuse esophageal spasm) and hypercontractile (jackhammer) esophagus (previously nutcracker esophagus); other nonspecific abnormal motility patterns.

2) Secondary: In the course of scleroderma, diabetes mellitus, alcohol abuse, psychiatric disorders, Chagas disease, and associated with aging.

We would love to hear from you

  • Do you have any comments?
  • Have you found a mistake?
  • Would you like to suggest a feature?

We use cookies to ensure you get the best browsing experience on our website. Refer to our Cookies Information and Privacy Policy for more details.