Esophageal Motility Disorders

Chapter: Esophageal Motility Disorders
McMaster Section Editor(s): John K. Marshall, Paul Moayyedi
Section Editor(s) in Interna Szczeklika: Witold Bartnik†, Małgorzata Szczepanek
McMaster Author(s): Jihong Chen
Author(s) in Interna Szczeklika: Renata Talar-Wojnarowska, Ewa Małecka-Panas
† Deceased.
Additional Information

ClassificationTop

Classification of esophageal motility disorders:

1) Primary: Achalasia; major disorders of esophageal peristalsis including distal esophageal spasm (formerly diffuse esophageal spasm) and hypercontractile (jackhammer) esophagus (previously nutcracker esophagus); other nonspecific abnormal motility patterns.

2) Secondary: In the course of scleroderma, diabetes mellitus, alcohol abuse, psychiatric disorders, Chagas disease, and associated with aging.

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