Table 9.1-6. Causes and contributing factors in abdominal compartment syndrome

Primary

– Massive intrabdominal, retroperitoneal, or pelvic bleeding

– Liver transplantation

– Mechanical intestinal obstruction

– Postoperative closure of abdomen under tension

Secondary

– Large-volume fluid replacement

– Pancreatitis

– Severe intra-abdominal infection

– Ascites

– Ileus

– Major burns

– Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis