How to Cite This Chapter: Don-Wauchope A, Chetty VT, Ivica J, Kavsak P, Khan WI, Lafreniere M, Nouri K, Solnica B. Albumin. McMaster Textbook of Internal Medicine. Kraków: Medycyna Praktyczna. Accessed May 26, 2024.
Last Updated: May 9, 2022
Last Reviewed: May 9, 2022
Chapter Information

For a brief introduction and guide to abbreviations, see Laboratory Tests: General Remarks.

Analyte [material]

Albumin [S/U]

Reference range, target level, or decision threshold

[S]: 35-50 g/L (3.5-5 g/dL)

[U]: <30 mg/d

<20 microg/min

<30 mg/g of creatinine (ACR)

Interpretation of results

U: ↑ Chronic (including diabetic) kidney disease, arterial hypertension

S: ↓ Malnutrition, liver failure (cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis), kidney diseases with albuminuria (glomerulonephritis, diabetic kidney disease), protein-losing enteropathies, overhydration, inflammation, pregnancy, analbuminemia

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