Selected Acute Medical Conditions

General Rules and CPRTop

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

ATop

Acute coronary syndromes

Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (NSTEMI)

ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI)

Adrenocortical insufficiency, acute

Adrenal crisis

Agonal respirations

Angioedema

Aortic dissection

Asthma

Atrial fibrillation

Atrial flutter

BTop

Biliary colic

Bleeding following anticoagulant treatment: Heparins, vitamin K antagonists

Bradycardia

CTop

Cardiac arrest

Cardiac tamponade

DTop

Diabetic ketoacidosis and coma

Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)

Deep venous thrombosis (DVT)

Dyspnea

GTop

Gastrointestinal bleeding

HTop

Heart failure, acute

Hypercalcemia

Hyperosmolar coma: Hyperosmolar-hyperglycemic syndrome

Hypertension, acute

Hypoglycemia

ITop

Intestinal obstruction: Adynamic ileus, mechanical intestinal obstruction

KTop

Ketoacidosis

LTop

Lactic acidosis

Liver failure, acute

Lower limb ischemia, acute

MTop

Migraine

Myocardial infarction

Myxedema coma

PTop

Pancreatitis, acute

Pneumothorax

Psychiatric disorders, acute

Pulmonary edema, acute: fig. 3.8-1

Pulmonary embolism

RTop

Regular tachycardia

Renal colic

Renal failure, acute

Respiratory failure, acute

Respiratory support

High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC)

Invasive mechanical ventilation

Noninvasive mechanical ventilation and continuous positive airway pressure

Oxygen therapy

Ruptured aortic aneurysm

STop

Sepsis

Shock

Anaphylactic shock

Cardiogenic shock

Hypovolemic shock

Septic shock

Stroke

Syncope

TTop

Tetany (symptomatic hypocalcemia)

Thyrotoxic crisis (thyroid storm)

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