Management of Barrett esophagus: A practical guide

Jakob Jankowski, Cathy Bennett, Janusz A. Jankowski

Full article

A PDF of the full version of the article, published in Polish Archives of Internal Medicine, can be accessed free of charge here.


We undertook 2 of the largest evidence-based reviews in clinical medicine to assess the rationale for the management of gastroesophageal reflux disease, Barrett esophagus (BE), dysplasia, and early invasive esophageal adenocarcinoma. These reviews involved over 150 world experts in 4 continents, and over 20,000 papers were assessed. Quality assessment of the publications was made using Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation, and of over 240 questions formulated, we were able to answer 30% with an agreement of at least 80%.

We agreed on a unique global definition of BE meaning that the presence both of hiatus hernia endoscopically and of intestinal metaplasia histologically should be noted. In addition, we devised an escalation and de-escalation pathway for the management of esophagitis, metaplasia, dysplasia, and adenocarcinoma sequence. Endoscopic resection (ER) is recommended for visible mucosal lesions. Moreover, we endorsed the early use of ablation therapy for persistent dysplasia of any degree. In this regard, ER may be both diagnostic and therapeutic and may be sufficient even in early mucosal lesions (T1m).

In conclusion, fewer people should be surveyed but those that do will require more detailed mapping and endoscopic interventions than currently. In addition, patients accumulating other potentially life-threatening comorbidities should be offered cessation of surveillance. In the future, chemoprevention may be the game-changing solution but results from large randomized trials, including AspECT and BOSS, are awaited.

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